Components of Physical Fitness.
Physical fitness is the ability to do a daily physical workout without feeling too tired. We can find 4 components of physical fitness:
Endurance – Stamina:
|The ability of the heart and lungs, to work for a long period of time without tiring.|
|The range of movement at/across/around a joint.|
|Moving the whole body part of the body very quickly/in a short time.|
|The maximum force a muscle/group of muscles can apply against a resistance.|
These are the components of physical fitness.
1. Endurance – Stamina:
Stamina helps your muscles to work for a long period of time.
Cycling: In the Tour of France they ride more than 200km over a lot of days, but they also sprint!
There are two types of Stamina or Endurance: Aerobic and Anaerobic.
Aerobic Stamina: You can do exercise for long periods of time at a medium intensity. (marathon, cycling..)
Aerobic Exercise is very good for your health. It develops your heart, your lungs and your circulatory system.
Benefits of regular stamina training:
-Your heart grows larger and thicker-You have more capillary.
Speed is the ability to one or more movements in a short period of time.
Some examples of sports where speed is important:
Fifty meters swimmers, react quickly to the horn and swim very fast.
Speed means reacting quickly and moving fast.
Benefits of speed training:
Strength is the ability to use muscles against a resistance (a force or a weight).
With it, you can move or lift weights, and you can move your body weight easier.
Some sports in wich strength is important:
Weightlifting: to lift as much weight as you can.
-You have more muscular power -Your muscles and tendons grow in size.
4. Flexibility- Suppleness:
Suppleness is the ability to have a wide range of movement with any part of your body. It is also called Flexibility.
There are two types of flexibility:
Dinamic Flexibility:you use it when you do wide and relaxed movements.
You need to spend a little time everyday to maintain and enhance it.
Benefits of supleness training:
-You have less injuries.
-Your muscles are more elastic and more powerful.
-Your movements are not limited.